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The Equicentral System

The Equicentral System encourages a more responsible method of  horse management and has been developed for the needs of today's horse owner, their horses and the land on which their horses live.
It's a win-win-win system.
A simple system with many positives but it is hard to explain in just a few words! Please take a few minutes to read the articles below to help you understand how this system works and some of the many aspects and benefits.

Please take a little bit of time to find out more, it could change the rest of your life!

The first thing thing you need is an explanation of what The Equicentral System actually is. This article gives you a good overview of The Equicentral System.

What is The Equicentral System?

Next, maybe you need a reason why you should change, not just for your horses' sake. This article, written by a professional ecologist and horse owner, talks about what she sees as the benefits of our approach.

A new era of horse ownership.

Why would you want to change what you are currently doing? What are the benefits to you, your horses and your land if you make these changes? This article will help you to answer these important questions.

Why The Equicentral System?

If you don’t own your own land and keep your horse on livery/boarding/agistment then make sure you read this article written by a livery yard owner. This article includes a feature on the benefits of The Equicentral System to a IR/EMS horse.

Can Equicentral also work for livery/boarding/agistment?

Interested and want to know more?

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Or you can go straight to The Equiculture Membership page and join thousands of people from around the world who are changing their lifestyle and that of their horses for ever. You won't regret it and your horses would thank you if they could.

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List of scientific papers and other publications used in or articles/books etc.

Behaviour

  • Bertone, J.J. (2005) Excessive drowsiness secondary to recumbent sleep deprivation in two horses. The Veterinary clinics of North America. Equine practice 22(1):157-62.
  • Hampson, B.A., De Laat, M.A., Mills, P.C. & Pollitt, C.C. (2010) Distances travelled by feral horses in ‘outback’ Australia. Equine Veterinary Journal Special Issue: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Equine Exercise Physiology Volume 42, Issue Supplement s38, pages 582–586, November 2010.
  • Hampson, B.A., Morton, J.M., Mills, P.C., Trotter, M.G., Lamb, D.W., & Pollitt, C.C., (2010) Monitoring distances travelled by horses using GPS tracking collars. Australian Veterinary Journal Volume 88, Issue 5, pages 176–181, May 2010.
  • McGreevy, P.D., Cripps, P.J., French, N.P., Green, L.E. & Nicol, C.J. (1995). Management factors associated with stereotypic and redirected behaviour in the Thoroughbred horse. Equine Veterinary Journal 27: 86-91.
  • McGreevy, P.D., Richardson, J.D., Christine, J.N. & Lane, J.G. (1995). Radiographic and endoscopic study of horses performing an oral based stereotypy. Equine Vet. J. 27, 92.–95.
  • McGreevy, P.D.,French, N.P. & Nicol, C.J. (1995). The prevalence of abnormal behaviours in dressage, eventing and endurance horses in relation to stabling. Vet. Rec. 137, 36–37.
  • McGreevy, P.D., Webster, A.J.F., Nicol, C.J., 2001. A study of the behaviour, digestive efficiency and gut transit times of crib-biting horses. Vet. Rec. 148, 592–596.

Feeding

  • Harris, P.A. (1999). How understanding the digestive process can help minimize digestive disturbance due to diet and feeding practices, In: Harris, P.A., Gomarsall, G.M., Davidson H.P.B., Green, R.E. (Eds.), proceedings of the BEVA Specialist Days on Behaviour and Nutrition. Newmarket, Equine Veterinary Journal 45-49.
  • Ince, J., Longland, A., Newbold, C.J. & Harris, P. (2011) Changes in proportions of dry matter intakes by ponies with access to pasture and haylage for 3 and 20 hours per day respectively for six weeks. J Equine Veterinary Science Volume 31, Issues 5-6, May-June 2011, Page 283 Proceedings of the 2011 Equine Society Symposium.
  • Longland, A., Harris, P. & Barfoot, C. (2011) The effect of wearing a grazing muzzle vs not wearing a grazing muzzle on pasture dry matter intake by ponies. J Equine Veterinary Science Volume 31, Issues 5-6, May-June 2011, Pages 282-283 Proceedings of the 2011 Equine Society Symposium.
  • Menard, C., Duncan, P., Fleurance, G., Georges, J-Y. & Lila, M. (2002). Comparative foraging and nutrition of horses and cattle in European wetlands. Journal of Applied Ecology. (39). 120-133.
  • Nicol, C. J.; Davidson, H. P. D.; Harris, P. A.; Waters, A. J. & Wilson, A. D. (2002). Study of crib-biting and gastric inflammation and ulceration in young horses. Veterinary Record 151 (22): 658–62.
  • Stephenson, H.M., Green, M.J. & Freeman S.L. (2011) Prevalence of obesity in a population of horses in the UK. Veterinary Record 168-131 vetrecc6281 Published Online First: 17 January 2011.
  • Kathryn Watts Does Sugar Concentration Determine Hay Preference by Horses? (2011) Rocky Mountain. Research & Consulting, Inc www.safergrass.org.
  • Effect of Restricted Pasture Access on Pasture Dry Matter Intake Rate, Dietary Energy Intake, and Fecal pH in Horses Emily C. Glunk, MS , Shannon E. Pratt-Phillips, PhD, Paul D. Siciliano, Department of Animal Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC.
  • Gordon ME, Jerina ML, Raub RH, Davison KA, Young JK, Williamson KK The effects of dietary manipulation and exercise on weight loss and related indices of health in horses.
  • Robin CA, Ireland J, Wylie CE, Collins SN, Verheyen KLP, Newton JR Prevalence and risk factors for owner-reported obesity in horses and ponies in Great Britain.
  • Comparison of weight loss, with or without dietary restriction and exercise, in Standardbreds, Andalusians and mixed breed ponies: S.J.Potter, N.J. Bamford, and S.R. Bailey, (Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia), and P.A. Harris, Equine Studies Group, WALTHAM Centre for Pet Nutrition, Leicestershire, UK.

Various

  • Accident Proofing Farms and Stables. Safety Fact Sheet 605. 1992. Rutgers Cooperative Extension, New Brunswick, NJ.
  • Agricultural Alternatives, Boarding Horses. 1998. Penn State Cooperative Extension. University Park, PA.
  • Agricultural Waste Management Field Handbook - Part 651. 1992. National Engineering Handbook. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Washington, DC.
  • Agricultural Waste Management Field Handbook. 1992. National Engineering Handbook. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.
  • A Guide to Plant Poisoning of Animals in North America. 2001. Knight, Anthony P. and Walter, Richard G., Teton New Media, Jackson, WY.
  • Antoniewicz, R. J. and A. A. Cirelli. 1994. Replacing nature¡¦s bedding. Horse Industry Handbook. HIH 330-1. American Youth Horse Council, Inc. Lexington, KY.
  • Dust, 2003, Stephen C. Porter, World Book Online Reference Centre, http://www.aolsvc.worldbook.aol.com/ar?/na/ar/co/ar170180.htm.
  • Fence Planning for Horses. Horse Facilities 2002. Penn State Cooperative Extension, University Park, PA.
  • Fire Prevention and Safety Measures Around the Farm. Safety Fact Sheet 608. 1992. Rutgers Cooperative Extension, New Brunswick, NJ.
  • Footing Part 2: Soil Evaluation and Care, 2001, Horse keeping On a Small Acreage, Cherry Hill, NJ. http://www.horse keeping.com/horse_facilities/footing_2.htm.
  • Footing Part 4: Types of Arena Footing, 2001, Horse keeping On a Small Acreage, Cherry Hill, NJ. http://www.horse keeping.com/horse_facilities/footing_2.htm.
  • Guidelines for Horse Keeping, New Jersey Horse Council, Moorestown, NJ.
  • Horse Facilities 3: Horse Manure Stable Management, 2002. Wheeler, E. and J. S. Zajaczkowski Pennsylvania State University. State College, PA.
  • Horse Farm Management Workbook. 2000. Michigan State Cooperative Extension, Lansing MI.
  • Horse Handbook of Housing and Equipment. 1971. MidWest Plan Service. MWPS-15. Iowa State University. Ames, IA.
  • Horse Handbook of Housing and Equipment. 1974. MidWest Plan Service. Iowa State University, Ames, IA.
  • Horse Industry Handbook. 1999. American Youth Horse Council, Inc., Lexington, KY.
  • Horse keeping On A Small Acreage, 2001, Cherry Hill, Storey Books, Pownal, VT.
  • Horse Owner¡¦s Field Guide to Toxic Plants. 1996. Sandra M. Burger, in consultation with Anthony P. Knight, Breakthrough Books, Inc., Ossining, NY.
  • Horse Stable Flooring Materials and Drainage. Horse Facilities ¡V 4. 2002. Penn State Cooperative Extension, University Park, PA.
  • Horse Stable Manure Management. 2002. Pennsylvania State Cooperative Extension. The Pennsylvania State University. University Park, PA.
  • Horse Stable Ventilation. 2002. Penn State Cooperative Extension, University Park, PA.
  • Horse Stall Design. Horse Facilities 2002. Penn State Cooperative Extension, University Park, PA.
  • Livestock Poultry Environmental Stewardship Curriculum. 2001. MidWest Plan Service. Iowa State University. Ames, IA.
  • Manure and Pasture Management for Recreational Horse Owners. 2000. Thomas D. Wagner and Thomas R. Halbach. University of Minnesota Extension Service. University of Minnesota. St. Paul, MN.
  • Manure Characteristics. 2000. MidWest Plan Service. MWPS-18 (1). Iowa State University. Ames, IA.
  • Manure Storages. 2001. MidWest Plan Service. MWPS-18 (2). Iowa State University. Ames, IA.
  • 1996. New Jersey Equine Industry Survey. New Jersey Department of Agriculture, New Jersey Agricultural Statistics Service, and New Jersey Equine Advisory Board. Trenton, NJ.
  • 1989. Nutrient Requirements of Horses (5th Rev. Ed). National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
  • On-Farm Composting Handbook, NRAES-54, 1992.
  • On-Farm Strategies to Protect Water Quality. 2002. New Jersey Department of Agriculture and the Natural Resources Conservation Service and the New Jersey State Soil Conservation Committee.
  • Pasture and Hay for Horses. Agronomy Facts 32. 1993. Penn State Cooperative Extension, University Park, PA.
  • Penn State Agronomy Guide. 2003. University Park, PA.
  • Recommended Guidelines for Home Animal Agriculture in Residential Areas. 1982. Cooperative Extension Service, Cook College, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. New Brunswick, NJ.
  • Riding Arena Footing. 2002. Penn State Cooperative Extension, University Park, PA.
  • Safety Recommendations for the Stable, Barnyard and Horse-Livestock Structures. Safety Fact Sheet 606. 1992. Rutgers Cooperative Extension, New Brunswick, NJ.
  • The Equine Arena Handbook: Developing A User Friendly Facility, 1999, Robert Malmgren, Alpine Books, Loveland, CO.
  • Weed Management in Pasture Systems. Agronomy Facts 62. 2001. University Park, PA. Using Dry Lots to Conserve Pastures and Reduce Pollution Potential – Cooperative Extension Service – University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Lexington, USA www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/id/id171/id171.pdf.
  • Peter Andrews Back from the brink.
  • Peter Andrews Beyond the brink.
  • Jane Duckworth They Shoot Horses, Don’t They? The Treatment of Horses in Australia (2002, 2009 reprint).
  • Equine Welfare Marthe Kiley-Worthington (1998) J. A. Allen & Co. London.
  • The Welfare of Horses, Animal Welfare Notes Series Book 1 Dr Natalie Waran (ed), Springer Books, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 2007.
  • Horse pasture management Jane Myers and Stuart Myers (2011) Equiculture.
  • Understanding horses and pasture Jane Myers and Stuart Myers (2011) Equiculture.
  • AUS - Managing Horses on Small Properties Myers J (2005) Landlinks Press, Melbourne.
  • AUS - Pastures for horses – a winning resource Avery A (1997) RIRDC Sydney.
  • NZ - Pastures for horses Hunt W F (1994) New Zealand Equine Research Foundation. New Zealand.
  • AUS - Manure, water and vegetation on a horse property Jane Myers and Stuart Myers (2011) Equiculture.
  • AUS - Horse property planning Jane Myers and Stuart Myers (2011) Equiculture.
  • AUS - The dung beetle dictionary is now available online for free.
  • USA - Equestrian Design Guidebook for Trails, Trailheads, and Campgrounds, (USA).

 Rutgers Cooperative Extension Books:

  • FS714Analysis of Feeds and Forages for Horses.
  • FS103 Horse Pasture Management Species Selection.
  • FS164 Health Care Guidelines for Horses
  • FS165 Nutrient Requirements of Horses
  • FS307 Winter Horse Care.
  • FS368 Establishing and Managing Horse Pasture.
  • FS759 Care for the Older Horse: Diet and Health.
  • FS770 Equine Pasture Management, A Year-Round Approach.
  • FS894 Diagnosis of Nutritional Problems in Horses.
  • FS938 Poisonous Weeds in Horse Pastures.
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